Monday, August 1, 2011

Summary Chart of Curriculum Approaches



Orientation
Transmission
atomistic
Transaction
scientific method
Transformation
interdependent
Aims & Objectives~Behavioural
~Content Oriented
~ Competency is outcome-based
~Cultural transmission from teacher to student
~ Complex Intellectual Skills
~ Developmental
~Thinking skills
~Democratic Citizenship
~Dialogue between student & teacher
~ Integrated Objectives
~Connections
~Interactive flow of information and ideas between student and facilitator
Content~Knowledge viewed atomistically as "objective"
~Content should reinforce traditional values
~Cultural Transmission
~Knowledge is related to mental processes and cognitive frameworks
~Social content focuses on public policy questions
~Thinking skills
~Personal knowledge is as important as public knowledge
~Social content stresses identification and resolution of pressing social concerns.
~Project-oriented, purposeful
Teaching Strategies~Structured teaching approaches
~Transmission of facts & values
~Focus on problem solving and analysis
~Teaching strategies are matched to student developmental frameworks
~Focus on connecting inner life of student to outer worlds
~Divergent thinking is encouraged
Organisation~Subject-centered
~Hierarchical
~Problem-centered
~Developmental
~Learner-centred
~Project-centered
~Integrative
~Constructivist
Holistic
Philosophical:
Psychological:
Economical orientation:
Analytic
Behavioural
laissez-faire
Pragmatism
Cognitive
Liberalism
Personal
Humanistic/Transpersonal
Small is Beautiful
ResourcesTextbooksVariety of ResourcesHuman Resources Emphasised
Evaluation StrategiesAccountability through testsFocus on how teaching methodologies affect cognitive processesFocus on how the program affects theWhole Child

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