Tuesday, November 24, 2009

Narrative Writing

Rationale—Narrative Writing offers students an opportunity to express themselves imaginatively and personally. The emphasis on style invites students to show their flare for creative writing.

Time—Three class periods of 75 minutes
Definition— Narrative Writing is an imaginative composition; such as a poem, script, short story, or personal essay. Narrative Writing is noted for its emotional connection with the reader and its entertaining purpose.
Description of the task—You will use writing process to produce a piece of Narrative Writing in the form of poetry, personal essay, short story, or script.
Final Product—You will submit a polished personal essay, short story, poem, or script. Attached to the final product should be your Writing Performance Sheet.
Expectations covered in the task:
Students will

• demonstrate an understanding of literary forms, such as poems, short stories, scripts, and essays
• use a unifying image, emotion, or sensation to structure descriptive paragraphs or poems
• use literary forms suited to various purposes and audiences
• edit and proofread to produce final drafts, using correct expression
Assessment and Evaluation:
The rubric provided will be used to evaluate the final product. Listen carefully while the teacher goes over the rubric before you start. Your teacher will indicate to you whether or not the Checklist and Writing Performance Sheet will be assessed.

Narrative Writing Task:
Write a personal essay, short story, poem, or script on one of the following topics: friendship, a special moment, or your future.
Purpose: To entertain the reader.
Audience: The audience is an adult reader who wants to be entertained by the personal or imagined experience of the student writer.
Length: Approximately one to two typed pages in 12 pt Times New Roman or Palatino font.
Due date: _______________
What you need to know before you begin:
1. Successful Narrative Writing comes from the heart as much as from the head. Write about a topic or experience for which you hold intense feelings. Strong feelings help you find the words to express yourself.
2. Experiment with form. Once you have selected a topic, free write in one form; then, try another form to see if it is more appropriate to your purpose of entertaining the reader. Get a writing partner’s opinion on which form is more effective.
3. Narrative Writing must have impact on the reader. Polish the final product so that the reader is delighted by powerful language.
4. Know and understand the features of good Narrative Writing. Effective Narrative Writing has:
• impact (writer captures and sustains the reader’s interest throughout),
• credibility (writer selects details that are sufficient, credible and specific enough to support the intended effect),
• appropriate form (writer presents fully expressed ideas or feelings in an order that makes sense and in a format that suits the purpose and audience),
• superior style (writer strives to express ideas, feelings and supportive details in superior words and strong sentences that suit the purpose and audience), and
• polish (writer polishes words, phrases and sentences so the reader is delighted by powerful language and not distracted by errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation).

Process to follow to complete this task.
1. Select one topic: friendship, a special moment, or your future.

2. Brainstorm for details by imagining the situation you wish to write about.
a. List details that come to mind immediately. Do not reject any detail yet.
b. Add details that appeal to the senses.
c. Add details that suggest body sensations.

d. Add details of colour.
e. Add details of weather.
f. Add any other precise details.
3. First Draft: to clarify ideas, feelings, details in a double-spaced rough draft. It is easier for most writers to write freely.
4. Print a copy of your readable rough draft if you are working on a computer for this task.
a. Complete the Checklist for Narrative Writing on your own before you work with a writing partner.
b. Do not show the Checklist to your partner until after the end of the writing conference.
c. Conduct a writing conference with a writing-partner regarding your rough draft.
d. Read the readable rough draft aloud to your partner.
e. As the partner listens, s/he should be filling out a blank Checklist for Narrative Writing to assist discussion after you have finished reading your paper.
f. Discuss the differences between your two Checklists.
g. Conference with another student if you wish another opinion about your rough draft.

6. Revise your printed rough draft based on the feedback.
7. Revise and proofread by using SCRAD: seek opportunities in your writing to
Substitute (words, ideas),
Correct (errors in spelling, grammar, and major errors),
Rearrange (move sentences or words elsewhere if the move makes the writing clearer),
Add (words or details or sentences to improve the clarity and interest)
Delete (unnecessary words or sentences)
8. Word process the final product, if possible, and submit double spaced.
9. Attach a completed Writing Performance Sheet to the final copy.
10. Your teacher may ask you to submit ALL rough work by hand or on computer from the start of the assignment to finish.

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